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Balsam Mountain in Greene County

balsam mountain

Overview of this Hike:

Distance: ~5.00 miles from the DEC parking lot on Rt 42.
Time: Average 4.5 hours round trip in the Winter - 3 hours in the summer
Elevation Gain: 1,792 feet from the DEC Parking Lot and the summit.
Best Time to Hike: Anytime.
Difficulty: Moderate
VO Map No: none - this is a bushwack hike
Catskill Highest: #51
Peak Elevation: 3,353'
Digital Mapper: Topo Terrain Satellite
Attractions: Logging road at the beginning of the hike
Unattractions: heavy forest debris higher up
Unattractions: Thick with smaller trees near the summit
Common Animals: Pilated Woodpeckers, foxes
Risky Animals: Rattlesnakes (None known), Bears (Low)
Access Methods: Foot and snowshoe



Map of Route to Balsam Mountain

Balsam Mountain GPS map




Directions to Trail Head from New York State Thruway (Easist, not the shortest):

  • Elevation is approximately 1,551 feet
  • Take New York State Thruway to Exit 21 (Catskill).
  • Take a left out of the NYS Thruway entrance road.
  • Go approximately 3/4 mile
  • Take a right onto Route 23 West
  • Go approximately 6.6 miles to Cairo, NY
  • Take a LEFT onto Rt 32. McDonalds Rest. on corner.
  • Go approximately 7.7 miles on Rt 32
  • Take a RIGHT onto Rt 23A
  • Go appoximately 22.2 miles to the intersection of Rt 23a and Rt 42 .
  • Go approximately 0.3 miles - Take LEFT and go over bridge (over Schoharie Creek)
  • Go approximately 7-8 miles on Rt 42 (from Rt 23a)
  • Take a LEFT onto Shaft Road.
  • Continue STRAIGHT up into the DEC parking lot (cannot see from Rt 42 or Shaft Road).
  • There are 25 parking spaces.



  • Notes about this Hike


    The hike up to Balsam Mountain does not have a view from the summit. There is a limited view from the top of the steep climb #3 during the winter. The the view is poor and limited. It is considered a bushwacking hike. One of the strange things about this hike is there are very few conifer trees. More strange is the fact that it is named Balsam Mountain when there are NO balsam trees on or near the summit. It got it's official name in 1903 for the USGS. It is possible that there were many balsam trees in 1903. While this hike is located in Greene County, there is another Balsam Mountain in Ulster county. Additionally, there is also Balsam Lake Mountain in Ulster County. Easy to get them mixed up.

    While the hike starts out on an old logging path, the path disappears within a mile. The DEC parking lot for the hike up to Balsam mountain is quite large, so parking should not be a problem. This parking lot is also used for hiking up to Mt Sherrill.

    From the summit of Balsam Mountain, you can also walk over to Sherrill Mountain. If time permits, you could also walk over to North Dome Mountain. You could then descend back to your car from the moraine from Sherrill Mountain.

    From the DEC parking lot, finding the start of the hike is a little difficult. The key to this hike is to find the left side of the stream. You want the path that starts out running parallel to the stream. The path quickly rises well above the stream. Don't follow the stream bed because the going will be tough. The stream divides the Balsam Mountain and Sherrill Mountain. It is a good guide and reference for your ascent.

    After approximately a 1/2 mile the path will lead away from the stream. It basically skirts around a hill. After you walk around the hill, the path will become harder to follow. Just keep hiking parallel to the stream, but inland slightly. During the winter you can see the summits of both Balsam Mountain and Sherrill Mountain thru the trees. At this point you will see a lot of Ash trees. Most Ash trees suffer for disease. Pilated Woodpeckers like this area. If you hear a bird screaming, it is most likely a pilated woodpecker.

    After 1-1/4 miles, you will come to your first steep hill. If you look carefully, you will see the path up the hill. At this point you will start to drift away from the stream. You will actually climb more westerly up the steep hill #1. When you get to the top of the steep hill #1, you will be greeted by a nice patch of prickers. A bad reward for your steep ascent. At the top, you want to continue in a parallel path to the stream (as a reference). At this point, you will not find an evidence of the path. The grade will level off.

    After a while you will encounter Steep climb #2 on Balsam Mountain. This is the most difficult climb of the hike. There are some very small ledges on the top in sections. During the winter the climb is steep and difficult. If you fall, you could slide quite a ways down. In the winter you will probably have to zip-zag up the hill. Do so carefully. Once you get to the top of the steep hill, you will be rewarded with a lot of downed branches and trees. It will make traveling difficult. The trail will level off again, but this time you have to navigate the ground clutter.

    Finally, you will encounter Steep climb #3 on Balsam Mountain. Not quite as steep or as high as Steep climb #2, but still difficult in the winter. Once you get to the top you will be rewarded with ground clutter and a significant amount of brush and small trees. The summit is very flat on the east side, and is the highest point. It is hard to determine which point is the highest point. Our GPS, came up with the same reading from many points. We regarded the north east point as the highest point.

    If you want to visit Sherrill Mountain, just head east.


    Mile Stone Chart

    Mile PointAltitudeNotes
    0.001,555 DEC Parking Lot - N42 09.956 W74 24.532
    0.021,551 Walk past the green road barrier.
    0.051,560' Take right onto small trail after walking up hill.
    0.061,558' Take a right onto old dirt road.
    0.071,558 Take a LEFT at concrete post in road.
    0.091,566 Take a RIGHT at trail junction - take old logging road.
    0.441,744 After following stream - follow trail around hill
    0.641,869 Trail starts to fade away
    1.252,275 Hit steep hill #1 (prickers on top to greet you)
    2.533,353' Summit of Balsam Mountain
    5.061,555' DEC Parking Lot

    Hike to Balsam Mountain

    balsam mountain
    This DEC parking lot can be easily missed. If you are heading from Rt 23, and heading south on Rt 42, the access to Shaft Road is on the LEFT side of the road. If you are heading north from Rt 28, Shaft Road is on the RIGHT side of the road. Shaft road just loops back to Rt 42. The picture shows Rt 42, and Shaft Road. Once you come in from Shaft road, continue until you come to the DEC parking lot. It is not obvious. Continue until you see the green steel gate in the next section. Then continue into the DEC parking lot.
    balsam mountain
    The picture on the left show you the green steel gate at the start of the trailhead.

    The picture on the RIGHT shows the DEC parking (unplowed). They usually do plow it in the Winter.
    balsam mountain
    balsam mountain
    After walking up the hill from the green gate, look for a small trail on the right. The picture on the left showes what the trail looks like. Take a RIGHT onto the very short trail. After about 50 feet, you will come to another logging road. Take a RIGHT onto the logging road.

    The picture on the right shows the next intersection. If you look carefully, you will see two concrete post on each side of the road. At this point you want to take a LEFT onto the small logging path.
    balsam mountain
    balsam mountain
    The picture on the left shows the logging path.

    After a short distance, you will come to a sign showing that this is the main section of the State Land. Take the path that goes parallel to the stream.
    balsam mountain
    balsam mountain
    The picture on the left show you what the trail looks as it starts to climb next to the stream. As you climb it will rise well above the stream. The trail is very well defined for the first 1/2 mile. From 1/2 mile to 1 mile the trail becomes harder to follow. You will start to fall off the trail, and then pick it up later on. After 1.25 miles, the trail is completely gone.

    The picture on the right shows the stream below the trail.
    balsam mountain
    balsam mountain
    This picture is a good reference point. The mountain on the LEFT is Balsam Mountain. The mountain on the RIGHT is Sherrill Mountain. In the Summer, the leaves will obscure this view, and you will not have this reference point.

    When you get about 1-1/4 miles in, you will come to a steep hill that will block your path. This is Steep Hill #1. At this point, you want to move left up the hill. There is a faint path up the hill.
    balsam mountain
    The picture on the left is the reward you will get once you climb Steep Hill #1. A Pricker field! In the summer, this would be a painful experience. Once you get to the top of the Steep Hill #1, turn slightly to the right and continue the trek uphill. The forest at this point have trees that are widely spaced, and it is a fairly easy walk.

    After some walking, you will come to Steep Hill #2. This is the steepest and highest hill to climb. In the Winter it is quite a challenge. Your snowshoes want to slip out as you climb uphill. When you get to the top, and look backwards, you will see the same view as the picture on the right. This climb has some small ledges near the top of the climb, but you can easily get around them. Good cramp-ons would make this hill easier to climb.
    balsam mountain
    balsam mountain
    Again, once you get to the top of hill you get your next reward. You are met with a significant amount of blowdown and downed trees. Mixed in there are a number of large rocks. This makes it more difficult to navigate.

    After walking thru a maze of tree branches, rocks, and dead trees, you will come to Steep Hill #3. It is steep, but not nearly as high as Steep Hill #2. Once you climb this hill, you will be on the top of the mountain.
    balsam mountain
    balsam mountain
    Once you get to the top of Steep Hill #3, you are again rewarded with blowdown and bushes.
    balsam mountain
    If you turn around after climbing Steep Hill #3, you will get a limited view of the valley. You will only get a view in the Winter when the leaves are not on the trees.
    balsam mountain
    The top of Balsam Mountain is very flat. Using a GPS, the elevation didn't seem to change very much. But, we believe that the northeast corner is the highest point on Balsam Mountain. You can see this point in the picture.
    balsam mountain
    On the way back down from the summit of Balsam Mountain, we got this picture of the sun shining thru the trees.

    Links and References:
    CatskillMountain.com Forum - Ask questions, talk about your experience with this hike


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